Canada’s parliament has passed a law legalizing the recreational use of marijuana nationwide, reports the BBC. The Cannabis Act passed its final hurdle on Tuesday in a 52-29 vote in the Senate. The bill controls and regulates how the drug can be grown, distributed, and sold.
The country is the second worldwide to legalize the drug’s recreational use and Canadians will be able to buy and consume cannabis legally as early as this September. Cannabis possession first became a crime in Canada in 1923 but medical use has been legal since 2001.
It’s been too easy for our kids to get marijuana – and for criminals to reap the profits. Today, we change that. Our plan to legalize & regulate marijuana just passed the Senate. #PromiseKept
— Justin Trudeau (@JustinTrudeau) 20 June 2018
The bill will likely receive Royal Assent this week, and the government will then choose an official date when the law will come into force. Prime Minister Justin Trudeau tweeted that until now, “it’s been too easy for our kids to get marijuana – and for criminals to reap the profits”.
Hope we are wrong on this piece of legislation. I think it will be catastrophic for Canadian generations to come. https://t.co/mUI4uZxOxN
— Senator Leo Housakos (@SenatorHousakos) 20 June 2018
But some groups objected to the new law, with opposition Conservative politicians and indigenous groups among those voicing concerns.
The government is expected to give the provinces and territories, as well as municipalities, eight to 12 weeks to set up the new marijuana marketplace. This timeframe will also allow industry and police forces to prepare for the new legal framework.
This legislation fulfills a 2015 campaign promise by Mr. Trudeau, the leader of the Liberal Party. The prime minister has argued that Canada’s nearly century-old laws criminalizing the use of the drug have been ineffective, given that Canadians are still among the world’s heaviest users. Polls have repeatedly indicated that a solid majority of Canadians are supportive of the move.
The decision to legalize recreational use of marijuana in Canada comes as global trends shift away from criminal prohibition of the widely used drug.