NOAA: 2017 Arctic Report Card
By: NOAA Climate.gov Staff
On December 12, 2017, NOAA and its partners released the 2017 issue of the Arctic Report Card at the American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting in New Orleans. Now in its 12th year, the Arctic Report Card is a NOAA-led, peer-reviewed report that brings together the work of scores of scientists from across the world to report on air, ocean, land and ecosystem changes in the Far North. It is a key tool used around the world to track changes in the Arctic and how those changes may affect communities, businesses, and people. Below is a collection of maps and other images highlighting some of this year’s key findings.
Near-Record High Surface Temperatures
Despite a relatively cool spring and summer, extreme fall warmth pushed Arctic annual temperature to the second-highest value on record.
Warm Summers A Challenge For Young Alaska Pollock
In the 2017 Arctic Report Card, biologists report that groundfish stocks in the Eastern Bering Sea are healthy at present, but a recent string of very warm summers led NOAA biologists to recommend lower catch limits for pollock—the nation’s largest commercial fishery.
Sea Ice Declines Unprecedented For At Least 1500 Years
Summer Temperatures Rising Rapidly Is Most Arctic Seas
In Alaska’s Chukchi Sea, August surface temperatures are warming at pace more than 4.5 times as fast as the global ocean trends since the early 1980s.
Very Old Ice Has Nearly Vanished From Arctic
As sea ice ages, it adds volume, expels salt, and is toughened up by jostling and collisions. Very old ice may be more than 10 feet thick. In March 2017, it made up less than 1 percent of the winter ice pack.